1. Small alcohol stove kit for making tea.
2. A decoy wallet with a small amount of money, expired credit card and id.
3. Samsung Galaxy I9000 with a local sim card.
4. $800usd in crip ten dollar bills hidden in various places.
5. Dental floss.
And of course the sense of humour and baby wipes are never far away either.
Beer and wine are also important stapples. As are spirral pasta and a bolognese sauce.
I also always pack what many others mentioned, like two headlamps, two leathermans,
Tire repair kit, patches, extra tubes and electric airpump. Chain tool with spare links, assorted cable ties, nuts bolts, jb-weld, stainless steel safetywire, vise grips, comprehensive tool set, circuit tester, fuses, multi-meter, extra wire electrical tape, extra cotter keys, spare ignition/luggage keys, two clutch cables, throttle cable, choke cable, extra boot buckles and laces three pairs of socks, spare brake pads, Heavy lock and chain. Motorcycle cover, a Kermit chair and an ultra-light sleeping cot. I was on the road six months and was quite comfortable the whole time.
I also usually pack a bottle of unpasturized cider vinegar for purifying water and bump my immune system up, I rarely get sick.